Special counsel Robert Mueller has wrapped up his nearly two-year investigation into Donald Trump and Russia and sent his report to Attorney General Barr.
No details of Mueller’s findings have been released, and it is not clear how soon the public will see them.
The transmission of the report to Barr concludes an investigation that has resulted in the indictments of 34 people, infuriated the president and thrown the administration into turmoil.
The long-awaited development comes almost two years after Mueller was appointed by Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein to investigate “any links and/or coordination between the Russian government and individuals associated with the campaign of President Donald Trump“ and “any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation.“
To date, 34 people and three companies have been criminally charged in the sprawling probe, including Trump’s former national security adviser Michael Flynn; former campaign chairman Paul Manafort; former political adviser Roger Stone; former personal lawyer Michael Cohen; and numerous Russian nationals. There have been a number of guilty pleas and convictions — but none of the charges have directly accused anyone in Trump’s orbit of conspiring with the Russian intelligence operation to help Trump get elected in 2016.
It’s unclear how detailed Mueller’s report is, or when his conclusions may become public. According to Justice Department guidelines, his confidential report to the attorney general is supposed to explain “the prosecution or declination decisions reached by the special counsel.“
Download the NBC News mobile app for breaking news alerts and full coverage of the Mueller report.
The attorney general is required to report Mueller’s findings to Congress “with an outline of the actions and the reasons for them,“ the guidelines say, but it’s unclear how long that may take.
As the Mueller investigation picked up steam and various Trump associates were charged, the president increasingly went on the offensive, blasting it as a “witch hunt“ and “a hoax,“ calling Mueller’s investigators “angry Democrats“ and singling out some who’d worked on the case. He labeled Cohen “a rat” for cooperating with investigators.
Trump refused to sit for an interview with Mueller — his lawyers said they were concerned about a “perjury trap“ — but he did submit written responses to Mueller’s questions in November.
Mueller was appointed special counsel on May 17, 2017 — eight days after Trump fired James Comey as FBI director. Comey had been leading the investigation into Russian meddling and any possible Trump campaign involvement. The president initially said he’d canned Comey at the urging of Rosenstein and then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions, but later told NBC “Nightly News” anchor Lester Holt it was his decision, and cited his frustration with the Russia probe.
“And in fact when I decided to just do it, I said to myself, I said, you know, this Russia thing with Trump and Russia is a made-up story. It’s an excuse by the Democrats for having lost an election that they should have won,“ Trump told Holt.
That fueled law-enforcement concerns that Trump was trying to obstruct the investigation — worries that were heightened a day after the firing, when he hosted two Russian diplomats in the Oval Office.
“I just fired the head of the FBI. He was crazy, a real nut job,“ Trump told them, according to The New York Times. “I faced great pressure because of Russia. That’s taken off.”
Those and other actions taken by the president since the probe began led Mueller to investigate whether Trump was trying to obstruct justice in the case, sources have told NBC News.
The FBI probe into the campaign’s alleged Russia ties started in July 2016 after a little-known Trump campaign foreign policy adviser, George Papadopoulos, told an Australian diplomat that the Russians had obtained thousands of emails that would embarrass Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton. The Australian government passed that information on to the FBI after hacked Democratic National Committee emails were posted online.
That wouldn’t be the only hack. Russian cybercriminals targeted Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta’s emails, U.S. intelligence officials found. They were released online just hours after the “Access Hollywood” scandal threatened to sink Trump’s campaign.
Adding to investigators’ suspicions was Trump’s often-abrasive deference to Russian President Vladimir Putin, who he repeatedly praised as “tough” and “strong.” He was also dismissive of U.S. findings that Russia was behind the cybercrimes, noting, “It also could be somebody sitting on their bed that weighs 400 pounds, OK?”
Trump initially denied that he and his campaign had anything to do with any Russians — claims that have since fallen apart.
Flynn had sat with Putin at a dinner in Moscow in 2015, and would be fired from his job as national security adviser for misleading Vice President Mike Pence about the content of his conversations with a Russian diplomat. Cohen and Trump associate Felix Sater were in talks during the campaign to develop a Trump Tower in Moscow, which would reportedly come complete with a multimillion-dollar apartment for Putin. The president’s son Donald Trump Jr. set up a meeting at Trump Tower with a Russian entourage after they offered unspecified “dirt” on Clinton’s campaign courtesy of the Kremlin.
“If it’s what you say I love it,” Trump Jr. said in accepting the meeting, which would include Manafort and Trump’s son-in-law and adviser, Jared Kushner.